Heart disease, like heart attack, congenital heart disease, coronary heart disease, heart attack and congestive heart failure, is the main cause of deaths around the world. Such diseases can be prevented by quitting smoking, maintaining weight, controlling blood pressure and cholesterol levels etc.
Heart Disease Guide –
- Overview and Facts
- Risk Factors
- Symptoms and Types
Overview and Facts –
All about Heart:-
How Heart Functions?
The heart is an essential organ of human body. It helps in proper oxygen and blood flow throughout the body. It beats 100,000 times per day and pumps 5 or 6 quarts of blood every single minute.
Palpitation is a feeling like the heart is beating too fast. It can be felt in chest and throat.
Heart or Cardiovascular diseases are the conditions that affect the function or structure of heart.
It occurs when fat or plaque blocks the walls of blood vessels. This hardening and blockage of arteries leads to heart diseases.
Most of the heart attacks occur due to clogged coronary arteries with fatty, fossilized plaques. This condition is called coronary heart disease.
Heart Disease Risk Factors –
- High blood pressure
- High blood cholesterol
- Diabetes and Pre-diabetes
- Physically inactive
- Family history of heart disease
- Unhealthy diet
- Age (55+ men or women generally)
Heart Disease Prevention –
- Cholesterol Control
- Lowering High Blood Pressure
- Healthy Diet
- Prevention and Exercise
- Quitting Smoking
- Stress Management
- Quitting Alcohol
- Antioxidants and Vitamin E
- Hormone Replacement Therapy
- Symptoms and Types
There are various types of heart disease. Below are the symptoms, warning signs and types it.
Symptoms of Heart Disease
Different heart disease requires different types of treatment but can have similar warning signs or symptoms. Click on this guide that covers –
- Chest Discomfort
- Heart burn, stomach pain or indigestion
- Pain spreading to arms
- Throat or Jaw pain
- Extreme Sweating
- Consistent cough
- Irregular heart beats
Your doctor will call it angina and for you it’s a chest pain. It sometimes feels like indigestion and lead to a hard pain your chest.
Coronary Artery Disease
It is also known as coronary heart disease which occurs due to plaque buildup in arteries.
Enlarged Heart (Cardiomegaly)
It is mainly caused by high blood pressure or hypertension. An enlarged heart may not be able to pump blood properly throughout the body and results in congestive heart failure.
Heart attack or MI (Myocardial Infarction) indicates a permanent damage to heart muscle.
Irregular Heart Rhythm
Also called Arrhythmia — is when the heartbeat is irregular – means your heartbeat is either too fast or too slow.
It is an irregular heartbeat that leads to risk of heart stroke and disease. Dizziness, weakness and fatigue are few symptoms.
Heart Valve Disease
It occurs when the heart valve stops working properly and fails to prevent blood flowing back into the ventricles.
Sudden Cardiac Arrest
It is not a heart disease but it can arise during a heart attack. It occurs when the heart system breaks down and suddenly beats abnormally. In this case, heart beats extremely fast.
Heart Muscle Disease
Cardiomyopathy or heart muscle disease occurs when the heart becomes abnormally enlarged, thickened and/or stiffed. It generally has three types – Dilated, Hypertrophic and Restrictive.
When the heart’s main pumping chamber, the left ventricle, is enlarged and weakened.
In this condition, heart muscles, mainly at the septum between ventricles are thickened.
The walls of the lower heart chambers are aberrantly rigid.
Our heart is surrounded by a thin tissue sac called pericardium. When inflammation occurs in any of the layer of pericardium then this condition is known as pericarditis.
It is excess fluid between the heart and the sac (pericardium).
An inherited disease that affects connective tissue.
It is a sound of heart blood flow. It is a condition that forces blood flow faster than normal.