Swine Influenza aka Swine Flu is basically a serious infection caused by swine influenza virus, which is normally found in pigs. As of now, the Influenza viruses include influenza C and several subtypes of influenza A – H1N1, H1N2, H2N1, H911, H3N1, H3N2, and H2N3. This disease was first found in 2009 in Mexico, and the virus found in the body is similar to H1N2 influenza found in pigs around 2000. People with regular exposure to pigs are at increased risk of swine flu infection.
In the year, India has recorded over 937 cases of Swine Flu and 218 deaths. The states of Gujarat and Rajasthan were the worst affected. In fact, the number of cases increased to 33,000 in 2015 and more than 2000 people lost their lives.
This is a transferable disease that creates panic among others whenever it infects even a single person. Swine Flu is a deadly disease which affects the respiratory tract of pigs and is caused by influenza viruses. The virus is able to mutate and is easily transmissible among humans.
Currently, the H1N1 virus is still finding in humans as a seasonal flu virus and protection against this strain was included in seasonal flu vaccines.
Swine Flu Period
Normally, the incubation period of a swine flu virus is between three to seven days. However, a person with serious infection could have an incubation period of around nine to ten days.
Swine Flu Symptoms
The most common H1N1 flu symptoms develop in 1-3 days in humans once they exposed to the virus. Common symptoms or signs include
- Sore Throat
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Watery, red eyes
- Body aches
- Nausea and vomiting
Swine Flu Vaccine
Swine Flu vaccine has been developed and is available at all the government and private hospitals across India. Taking vaccinations is the best ways to reduce the chance of contracting the influenza virus. It is recommended to meet the doctor if you are at high risk of getting this infection.
High Risk Groups
- Children below 5 years
- Senior citizens (65+)
- Pregnant Women
- People suffering from chronic diseases like asthma, heart disease, diabetes, etc
- HIV patients
Swine Flu Diagnosis
This flu has been detected by taking a nose or throat swab. This test has been normally done in the first five days of the illness. There are several labs across India, which are authorised to conduct these tests. The results commonly delivered within eight to 24 hours.
Swine Flu Vaccine Price (State Wise)
- Rajasthan – Free (Government Hospitals) & Rs 600 (Private)
- Gujarat – Rs 760 to Rs 1000
- Maharashtra – Rs 450 to Rs 760
- Delhi – Rs 350
- UP – Free (Government Hospitals) & Rs 350