In a study published in Frontiers in Psychiatry has come up with some new facts of depression. We generally think that depression effects on men and women are same but that isn’t correct at all if we go on this research.
The results of this study suggest that young girls and boys can experience depression in a different way. The gender specific treatments can be useful to heal adverse effects of depression. Researchers exposed the teenagers having depression to happy or sad words and took their brains images; they found that depression hits differently in certain brain areas regions (such as the supramarginal gyrus and posterior cingulated) on male and female and affects the way their brain acts.
It is found that by age of 15 years, girls are twice as likely to get depressed as of boys. The major reasons of depression in teenage girls spotted as body image issues, fluctuations in hormones and genetic factors. The disorder symptoms and its consequences also differ in different genders.
Jie-Yu Chuang – an author of the study and researcher at the University of Cambridge said – “Men are more liable to suffer from persistent depression, whereas in women depression tends to be more episodic. Compared with women, depressed men are also more likely to suffer serious consequences from their depression, such as substance abuse and suicide.” You can read this whole study here.
To research on human brain’s activity in case of depression they recruited adolescent volunteers aged between 11 and 18 years. 82 female and 24 male patients suffering from depression, and 24 female and 10 male healthy volunteers were selected.
Their brains then imaged using magnetic resonance imaging while flashing certain words on a screen having different emotions – happy, sad or neutral. They were provided a button to be presses or not pressed when certain types of words appeared on screen. Each volunteer’s brain activity and behavior is then measured.
In research Chuang explained “Our finding suggests that early in adolescence, depression might affect the brain differently for boys and girls. Sex-specific treatment and prevention strategies for depression should be considered early in adolescence. Hopefully, these early interventions could alter the disease trajectory before things get worse.”
There is one more research done on – what schools can do to control adolescent depression. This workshop can develop school staff knowledge about this topic and assisting to disperse mythologies regarding this disease and its treatment. You can read this article here.